Prof gene sharps list of methods of nonviolent action. These nonviolent weapons are classified into three broad categories. His books and his list of 198 methods of nonviolent action have been circulated. Inspired by gene sharps 198 methods of nonviolent action, this dynamic resource. Dr sharps 198 non violent methods to challenge tyrannies helped to bring down mubarak. Discussion of sharps work invariably includes his list of 198 methods of nonviolent action, originally. Listed below are 198 of them, classif ied into three b road categories. Gene sharp created his list of 198 nonviolent methods in 1973. The power and potential of nonviolent struggle by gene sharp. A description and historical examples of each can be found in volume two of the politics of nonviolent action, by gene sharp. Over several years he compiled a list, which stalled at precisely 198 methods of nonviolent action. He has published numerous books and journals that discuss, analyze and present realistic alternatives to violent action.
Gene sharp was the founder of the albert einstein institution put together 198 methods of nonviolent action. Gene sharp published his seminal trilogy, the politics of nonviolent action, in 1973. American professor gene sharp researched and catalogued these 198 methods and. Without a direct action expression of it, nonviolence, to my mind, is meaningless. As examples, sharp has collected 198 methods of nonviolent action from his reading of history. They are the best way to challenge oppression across the world, wherever we encounter it. Gene sharp has written a guide to overthrowing dictatorships.
In the politics of nonviolent action, gene identifies 198 methods of nonviolent protest and persuasion. Listed below are 198 of them, classified into three broad categories. How to start a revolution is a bafta award winning british documentary film about nobel peace prize nominee and political theorist gene sharp, described as the worlds foremost scholar on. Remembering gene sharp, a pioneer of people power waging. Download the pdf on 198 methods of nonviolent action sharp, gene. Inspired by gene sharp s 198 methods of nonviolent action, this dynamic resource provides the framework for facilitators, educators, and community members to lead an experiential activity that helps participants get to know one another, learn about different nonviolent strategies, and connect. In his 1973 magnum opus, the politics of nonviolent action, sharp gives examples of each method, drawn from throughout recorded history and all over the world. A guide to strategic planning for action to end a dictatorship or. At peace direct, we are extremely grateful for his contribution to the field of nonviolent theory and local peacebuilding. The majority of these can be amplified by modern communication technologies.
Gene sharp 198 methods of nonviolent action free download as pdf file. List of 198 methods that groups can adopt to pursue nonviolent action, composed by prof gene sharp in his work the politics of nonviolent action. Gene sharps researched and catalogued these 198 methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples in his seminal work, the politics of nonviolent action 3 vols. Wise strategy, attention to the dynamics of nonviolent struggle, and careful selection of methods can increase a groups chances of success. The essence of sharps theory of power is that the power of rulers derives from consent of the subjects. In early greece, aristophanes lysistrata gives the fictional example of women withholding sexual favors from their husbands until war was abandoned. Ruaridh arrow gene sharp, who passed away at the age of 90 on sunday, was not only a key figure in the development of a whole new field of study devoted to helping people realize their own power, he was a key figure in the lives of so many who found inspiration in his work and took it in new directions. The methods of nonviolent action later printing used edition. Gene sharp researched and catalogued these 198 methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples. A description and historical examples of each can be found in volume two of the politics of nonviolent action by gene sharp. Group or mass petitions communications with a wider audience 7.
The politics of nonviolent action is a threevolume political science book by gene sharp, originally published in the united states in 1973. We dont know quite how its read, but it certainly did into 30 some languages in different parts of the world on all continents except antarctica. But for campaigns of nonviolent action to take on structures of corporate influence that are sometimes violent but more often seductive, sharp. These are the pieces which you fill your campaigns with.
In the years since, media has become dramatically more accessible to activists. We use gene sharps classification of 198 methods in. Gene sharp founded the academic field of nonviolent resistance. Making the abolition of war a realistic goal c1980 pdf at sharp, gene. Gene sharp outlines three methods of nonviolent action that serve to undermine unequal systems of power while encouraging the creation of innovative and alternative solutions sharp, politics of nonviolent action. Professor gene sharp, the politics of nonviolent action, boston. The ultimate spiritual practice, as i teach it, is facing everything and avoiding nothing. Gene sharp believed passionately in nonviolent means to resolve conflicts. The practice of nonviolence 198 methods of nonviolent.
Gene sharps books attract new readers in kashmir greater kashmir owing to continued unrest in kashmir, american author gene sharps extensive work on non. Prof gene sharps list of methods of nonviolent action judicial. After reading this book i could see the power of nonviolence where before i would not have understood how it works in reality. Media produced by activists can now have mass reach at low cost thanks to the ease of creating usergenerated content and the multiple platforms that allow for nearfree selfbroadcast to a mass audience. Prof gene sharps list of methods of nonviolent action author. The godfather of nonviolent action it doesnt take an einstein. One of the most fascinating documents in his work is a list of 198 methods of nonviolent action. Civil disobedience of illegitimate laws action by government personnel 1. Over the last month, ive become rather interested in the work of gene sharp. Gene sharp, civil resistance and technology irevolutions. Handout 4 198 methods of nonviolent protest and persuasion. No 67, flight of workers, could be said to have been used by moses and the. Gene sharps second volume in the landmark nonviolence theory study, politics of nonviolent action, outlines 198 types of nonviolent action, including historical examples, divided into seven sections. Gene sharp s researched and catalogued these 198 methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples in his seminal work, the politics of nonviolent action 3 vols.
Gene sharp at his office in east boston, where he founded the albert einstein institution. Sharp is one of the most influential theoreticians of nonviolent action, and his publications have been influential in struggles around the world. Gene sharp, an icon of nonviolent struggle, passed away on the 28 january 2018 in boston at the grand age of 90. When peter suggested i look into gene sharps work on methods of nonviolent action, i replied thats exactly what i intend to do. Gene sharp is the worlds foremost expert on nonviolent revolution. Handout 4 198 methods of nonviolent protest and persuasion by. Gene sharp researched and catalogued these 198 methods and provided a rich selection of historical examples in his seminal work, the politics of nonviolent action 3 vols. The power and potential of nonviolent struggle by gene sharp gene sharp, senior scholar of the albert einstein institution, shares insights from his life study of how nonviolent struggle can work. Recently i was engaged in a spontaneaous nonviolent conflict and at the end i was amazed to see how good gene sharps theory on nonviolence describes and predicts the outcome of a conflict given its dynamics. Gene sharp 198 methods of nonviolent action strike action. The methods, theories and advice that he espoused over thirtyfive years ago have continually received praise. To understand what constitutes a method of nonviolent action, see the definition of the term nonviolent action.
Such action brings great favor and untold blessings. In his book waging nonviolent struggle he describes 198 methods of nonviolent action. Gene sharp, the worlds leading writer on nonviolent action, uses a theory of power based on a division between rulers and subjects and on the withdrawing of consent as the main avenue for. This book contains his foundational analyses of the nature of political power, and of the methods and dynamics. My family went to egypt and saw the violence of extreme poverty for ourselves. His work has been translated into more than 30 languages, his books slipped across borders and hidden from secret policemen all. The politics of nonviolent action 1 formal statement 1. Read more on related posts via taxonomies there are realistic alternatives by gene sharp on. The methods of nonviolent action published dec 29, 2009 last edit nov 20, 2010 from gene sharp, the methods of nonviolent action, boston 1973 the methods of nonviolent protest and persuasion formal statements.
Gene sharp, a political scientist and nonviolence activist, has written extensively about methods of nonviolence. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Practitioners of nonviolent struggle have an entire arsenal of nonviolent weapons at their disposal. The other category, which sharp calls protest and persuasion, has methods that tend to be less confrontive, but in some situations for example some police states the opponent may consider them highly threatening and react accordingly. An exhaustive list of such forms of protest comes from gene sharp.858 488 607 1364 719 1203 1516 1183 563 144 556 693 116 599 405 1044 1129 1501 1377 411 997 332 463 377 544 288 146 390 916 434 1454 382